To: Governments of all democratic states
The french people, Government human rights and donor organizations, business circles, all media of France
Ladies and gentlemen!
The prefecture of the city of Angers (France) has registrated in October 21, 2008 a human rights organization – the “ Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan” (subsequently – HRSU).
The short history of HRSU
This is the first public organization for protection of human rights in independent Uzbekistan. This organization was actually created in February 2, 1992, almost immediately after the fall of the Soviet Union.
The members of HRSU during the last 17 years in spite of murders, threats, persecutions and arrests continue to fight in the name of freedom, democracy and human rights in Uzbekistan. Our organization has obtained the official state registration during its long-standing history, in the first time in France.
The leaders of the HRSU six times has loaded the documents to the Ministry of Justice of Uzbekistan from the moment of its creation during these years to obtain the official statement about the state registration. However, they were answered negatively each time under some unjustified pretext.
The Uzbekistan government prevents in reality any public initiative of citizens. The failure of the registration of social and political human rights and other non-governmental organizations, or the illegal deprivation of their registration in Uzbekistan is an approbated method of elimination from the public life of our country those organizations, who manifest some independence with respect to the policy of authorities.
For example, in 1993 authorities completely illegally decline the state registration of two the most important at that time social and political organizations of people movement in Uzbekistan (the “Birlik” – an organization created in November 11, 1988 and the Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Erk” (the Freedom), created in April 11, 1990). They were two main opposition organizations to the regime of Islam Karimov. Since this time several other political parties unsuccessfully attempted to obtain a registration. The state registration was refused to such political parties as “Birlik” (1990), “Ozod dekhkonlar” (The free peasants, 1991), “Turkestan” movement (1989) and “Tumaris” (Women liberation movement,1989).
All above organizations, as well as many other social, political and human rights organizations, until now, do not have a state registration.
The registration of the HRSU in France has the high political value: the prefecture of Angers city has clearly demonstrated to the government of Uzbekistan that such organization as HRSU in any democratic country, in contrast to a non-democratic, gets its official registration without any delays and within the maximally short time period.
a) Repressive Uzbekistan
The document published in the middle of January, 2009 by the American organization The Freedom House gives the list of almost all states of the World and their ratings relative to basic freedoms. Uzbekistan belongs in the list to the most repressive countries in the World.
What the modern Uzbekistan is? Why does it belong to the most non-democratic countries of the world?
Uzbekistan – is a small Central Asia state, one of the former fifteen republics of the USSR, getting its independence in September 1991. The area of the country is 447.000 of square kilometers, the official language – Uzbek, the population – about 26 million people, the dominated religion – Islam. 150 years of our history, like the history of the whole Central-Asian region, is connected with the of tsarist Russia power and after that with Communist totalitarians. The actual Uzbekistan leader, the former Communist Party secretary Islam Karimov has got the power in the middle of 1989 and since this time he keeps it in his hands by political repressions, by manipulations and intrigues.
In particular, in December 2007 Islam Karimov completely in an anticonstitutional way had put his candidature to the third time as the President, using non-alternatively organized antidemocratic elections, though all constitutionally established periods of Presidency were finished in January of the same year.
The political prisoners have appeared at the independent Uzbekistan very early, and their first list with the data more than 30 people was promulgated by HRSU in 1993. The number of prisoners and condemned for political and religious motives grows quickly and in the year 2000 it was calculated by tens of thousands.
They are charged after falsified « proofs », they have the « confessions » under applications of tortures, and as the consequence – the law courts has formulated their accusative verdicts to them.
The HRSU during all these years informed the international human rights organizations, committees of United Nations, the embassies of many democratic countries and other world institutions about systematic and massive applications of tortures and others forms of humiliation of people in the Uzbek « militia » sections, during investigations and in the penitentiary colonies as well.
In November 1999 (in Geneva) and in March 2001 (in New York) the HRSU had represented to the committee against the tortures and to the committee on human rights of United Nations the reports which were
alternative to the official Uzbek government documents. In its sessions dated by May 2002 and by November 2007 the committee against the tortures of United Nations had made their conclusions about the fact that the tortures in Uzbekistan are used systematically and in massive way.
From November 24 to December 6, 2002 the special speaker of committee against the tortures of United Nations (further SD of UN) Teo van Boven has visited our country for the purpose of an inspection of penitentiary system of Uzbekistan. He also had arrived to the same conclusions. He had gave in his report 22 recommendations to the government of Uzbekistan, aiming with the elimination and eradication the tortures and other forms of people’s humiliation from the practice of the penitentiary system.
The government of Uzbekistan had ignored the requirements of international organizations pointed out above and there are no essential positive changes in this sphere until now. In their double-faced feigned policy they were developed in 2003 a “national plan of the implementation of recommendations of SD of UN”, but this plan was neither invented nor applied. This fact was a reason of the disturbance of national and international human rights organizations and specialists.
b) The murdered opponents of President Karimov
One should separately speak about the fact that during the period of his administration, the President Islam Karimov repeatedly used the army forces against the protesting innocent civilians of the country, even giving the order to open fire. So it was in 1989-90 in Namangan, Kokand, Pskent, Buke, Denau, in January 16, 1992 in the student’s campus in Tashkent and in May 13, 2005 in Andizhan. Andizhan demonstrators protested against the corruption and the lawlessness in the power structures, against the social injustice, the unemployment and the misery. The Andizhan massive shooting of many-thousand peaceful demonstration by the government army forces, that occurred very recently, caused a storm of protests in the whole world.
The European Union invented their sanctions against the responsible bureaucracy of Uzbekistan. Fearing the international isolation, the Uzbek authorities strongly resist to the requirements of numerous international institutes to allow to admit in Uzbekistan a group which would conduct an independent investigation of the facts of the mass murder of peaceful citizens. Nobody was punished for all known shootings of peaceful citizens in Uzbekistan. Andizhan events have shown the depth of the criminal essence of Karimov’s regime: it has nothing in common with a democratic political system, universally recognized in the whole civilized world.
c) The destruction of civic community.
The year 2005 can be considered like the year of the final destruction of those existed until that time weak manifestations of the elements of democracy in the country: there was withdrawn and expelled from the country the local administration of the High Commissioner of United Nations for the affairs of refugees, there were banished almost all non-governmental international organizations, including the human rights organizations, all foreign media. All local human rights organizations, independent journalists, the representatives of opposition political groups had become under the pressure of the power circles. Hundreds of people were arrested and condemned for their religious persuasions. Since may 2005 and until now the authority started the criminal cases against more than 30 human rights activists, more than half of whom belongs to HRSU. At the present time 9 members of our organization are languished in chambers of torture of the regime. One of the leaders of the HRSU
ex-member of the Uzbekistan Parlament Shavrik Ruzimurodov was killed earlier, the july 7 2001,
in the prison basement.
Any manifestation of a dissidence the authorities recognize as a challenge to the existing constitutional system. The Islam Karimov’s power was merciless from the very beginning especially to dissidents: toward the end 1993 all democratic opposition, all oppositional political parties and movements were depressed. The irreplaceable loss was applied to these forces: tens of thousands of members of these parties and movements were subjected to political, moral and economic repressions, many of them were killed or jailed in prisons. Many activists and leaders had left the country because of the persecutions.
The authority of Uzbekistan, ending with the democratic opposition, started with a destruction of religious freedoms of musulmans. The terror crossed all conceivable and non-conceivable frames: tens of thousands of Moslems have appeared in jail. According to the HRSU data more than 30 thousand prisoners of conscience are jailed in the chambers of tortures of the Karimov’s regime under extremely intolerable conditions at the present time.
All these years the power persistently tries to convince the country community together with the world community with the fact that allegedly: (1) Uzbekistan is under threatens of religious extremism and international terrorism; (2) all arrested and condemned Moslems are terrorists, who attempt to break the authority basis. Thus, since the beginning of the 90’s of past century a myth created by Uzbek special services about
“Islamic extremism”, allegedly threatened the country began widely spread in Uzbekistan. This myth is completely refuted by the observations of local and international human rights organizations. The monitoring of hundreds of court trials on the Moslems, carried out by these organizations showed the complete bankruptcy of charges and sentences of the law courts: their guilty was not proven during these judicial trials, but in spite of this, the law court carried the accusatory verdicts. In studies of widely recognized world centers and organizations Uzbekistan year after year occupies one of the worse places in their published rating documents. Islam Karimov permanently enters into the first tens of the most despotic dictators of the world. According to the estimations of the American periodic Newsweek in 2008 he has occupied the fifth place after the dictators of Equatorial Guinea, Zimbabwe, Burma and Sudan.
Here some data about the country Uzbekistan
according to the data of the World Bank in 2007Uzbekistan occupies 175-th place on the level of a corruption ;
on the index of freedom Uzbekistan shares the last place (with the index 7.0) with such states as Burma, Cuba, Somalia, Turkmenistan, Libya, Sudan, North Korea;
on the level of media freedom Uzbekistan is founded on 162- nd place among 173 countries of the world
on the economic freedom Uzbekistan occupies 130- th place among 157 countries of the world community.
Such is the reality in present Uzbekistan. The truth about it is written by local and international human rights organizations, by local and foreign (non-corrupted) journalists. The truth is written in the report of the special speaker of United Nations on tortures Teo van Boven. The truth about Uzbekistan is written by the former ambassador of Great Britain Craig Murray and it was worth him his career. He had written a book about Uzbekistan and had described in it everything what he saw not only as the ambassador of the great democratic country of Europe, but also as a citizen of the world.
Thus, in France, and in the near future also in some other countries, the Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan will begin its activity. It is desirable to believe that a lot of French, English, Swedish, American, Russian, Kazakhstan people as well as people of other countries will join us. Wherever you are, the citizens of what state you are, if you like the democracy, the freedom and you respect the human rights, if you deeply hate and despise the violence, despoty, you should intend to help to far (or to close) to you people of Uzbekistan rapidly to get rid of the oppression of the authority. This will impel in you the best feelings, interest and tendency to become the active member of our organization and to fight for the human rights in Uzbekistan together with us. We appeal to join the HRSU!
d) Priority directions of the HRSU activity
We must be morally ready to the fact that there will be a huge spectrum of problems in front of us, since in Uzbekistan all human rights flagrantly are disrupted and all freedoms, enlisted in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and constitution of the country are suppressed.
I would like to stress those of The HRSU activities which we consider as the most important and of higher priority.
1) advocacy: the promotion of the situation with the human rights in Uzbekistan before the United Nations, OSCE, the European Union, before the governments of democratic states and before the other international democratic institutions;
2) the protection of political prisoners and prisoners of the conscience rights, the rights of citizens, arrested for their religious persuasions;
3) the protection of the rights of people, which were subjected to tortures and which were humiliated in the repression organs and in the penitentiary places;
4) human rights monitoring of the state of the prisoners in the places of the deprivation of freedom;
5) the protection of the rights of citizens for free associations and for conducting of free meetings;
6) the protection of human rights to the freedom of speech and freedom of media;
7) the protection of the rights of children against the use of children’s labor;
8) the protection of the rights of refugees and working migrants from Uzbekistan;
I shall be quite sincere: at the moment when the HRSU starts its activity it eagerly needs a strong support of public,governmental, human rights organisations, business structures, media circles in France and in other countries.
It is clear that the HRSOU sharply requires in first a moral support. We hope to be morally supported by all known international human rights organizations and the Helsinki committees of the human rights, by the democratic structures such as the United Nations, OSCE, the European Union and other institutes of the World which knows about the HRSU not only by rumors. I want to note that the HRSU is (since the April 25 of 2007) a correspondent member of the International Federation for Human Rights in Paris, that it is a long-time associated member of the International Helsinki Federation for human rights in Vienna. We will highly appreciate a support of the media, radio and televisions in France and in other countries, and we will closely collaborate with them. I hope that the activity of HRSU will be well advertised to all Internet- users, to whom is interesting the theme of the protection of human rights in Uzbekistan.
Naturally, at present, when the HRSU starts its activity as a foreign non-governmental human
rights organization, it needs urgently a financial support from the business circles, international
funds and private donors and sponsors. This supprot is one of the main necessary conditions of
successful and real solutions of the human right defence problems in Uzbekistan.
We will accept with the deep gratitude the willful charities of citizens, different organizations, establishments and enterprises. We hope that this kind and gentle help will reach us and ensure
us to doubled our efforts in our fight for human rights in Uzbekistan.
As it was said at the beginning of this appeal the HRSU is registered in Angers city, and naturally its office will be located here. The excellent people are living in this beautiful French city. I was convinced in it living here since August 2006 from that time when I was forced to leave my native country.
The aid in the preparation of the HRSU documents for the registration was rendered by the colleagues of local human rights organization
“The league on the human rights” with its President Jacques Asseray, and I, as the President of the HRSU express them the deep gratitude on behalf of all members of our organization.
Finally the HRSU has started mainly « from zero ». For example, as I said above, we begin our activity in France (as well as in other countries also) without even a one Euro- on our bank account.
We assume that the representative of the organization should be a maximally considerable, well experienced person, with a good knowledge of languages ( it should be some kind of the executive director or a Vice-President with a salary or without a salary) – the Find raiser, a person, who are searching and collecting of funds for the human rights purpose. I think that such a person exists in France (and even in the city of Angers) and he (or she) will reply to us. We would be glad to our acquaintance and we hope on the fruitful joint cooperation.
With sincere wishes of prosperity to people of France
the President of the Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan
16, of rue Marcel Pajotin, Angers, 49000, France
tel.: +33(0)241667961; +33(0)963585756
the bank account of HRSU